Acute Asthma Vs Chronic Asthma

In order to understand the comparison of Acute Asthma Vs Chronic Asthma, it is first important to understand what the disease of asthma is and its many properties. It will then be easy to understand how these two forms of the disease are different. Asthma is, basically, an inflammatory disease that occurs in the air passage of the lungs, which obstructs the flow of air and causes a number of issues such as persistent coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, pain and tightness in the chest and many more such issues.

Furthermore, these issues occur in the form of episodes where they are caused for a short while and can be subdued with proper medication. This will cause it to subside and the symptoms may reappear once the effects of the medication wear off, and the patient is once again exposed to the causing factors.

Acute Asthma Vs Chronic Asthma

Let us now take a look at the two major classification of asthma and see the similarities and differences between them. The two conditions are fairly similar to each other in regards to their symptoms or their basic treatments. However, the primary difference lies in the duration for which they occur in your body. While acute exacerbation of asthma is a temporary form of an asthmatic attack, the chronic form is usually a prolonged version that may be experienced over a longer duration.

So, What Is Acute Asthma?

An acute exacerbation of asthma is also commonly referred to as an asthmatic attack. You may experience this condition in short bursts and when you are exposed to certain factors that may cause the condition to occur. In case you have this condition, you will most likely experience the short-term symptoms of asthma, and not the various long-term ones. Moreover, you may experience this condition on more than one occasion even if you do not suffer from an asthmatic disorder. As long as you are exposed to the various conditions that may cause an episode of Acute Asthma, there is every possibility that you may experience the condition.

What The Risk Factors For Acute Asthma Exacerbations?

There are a number of risk factors that can trigger an Acute Asthma condition in a person. Some of these risk factors have been discussed below.

Family History:

In case someone in your family had this condition, there is every possibility that you may experience this condition as well. In fact, asthma is one of the most common hereditary health conditions along with diabetes and sinuses. However, this does not guarantee that you will experience the condition if someone in your family did earlier.


There are certain allergies that may act as triggers to this breathing condition. The most common of these allergies include hay fever and eczema. In case you have experienced a history with such allergies, there is a very high possibility that you may experience Acute Asthma or an asthmatic attack.

Air Pollutants:

Exposure to pollutants in the air can also trigger the condition. In fact, dust allergy is one of the major factors that can lead to an asthmatic attack. The dust particles clog the passage in the lungs through which the air flows and this causes the many issues with your breathing.


Smoking is also a major factor that may trigger an asthmatic attack. The tar and the numerous other gases contained in cigarette or tobacco smoke causes a great deal of harm to the lungs and the windpipe, which in turn can cause a number of breathing related issues for you.

Cold Conditions:

Cold and chilly conditions can also trigger an asthmatic attack as the cold affects your sinuses adversely to cause a number of breathing issues for you.

There are a number of other factors that may trigger an episode of asthma in a person. These factors may affect you singularly or by combining with each other to form a chain reaction that may bring about the occurrence of the condition.

Who Is  Most Risk To Experience Acute Asthma?

Well, anyone who suffers from asthma is at risk of experiencing an acute exacerbation of asthma. The risk of such an occurrence is even more if you have already had one such episode before. There are, however, a number of other pointers that may indicate the occurrence of an episode of Acute Asthma. People who often suffer from common cold, flu or any other such respiratory issues are prone to having such asthmatic attacks. Moreover, it has been seen that females are more prone to the condition than males.

What Are The Symptoms Of Acute Asthma?

The symptoms of an acute exacerbation of asthma may vary from one person to another. It is also possible that you will only experience these breathing issues when you have an attack, but not see any other symptoms between different episodes. Moreover, the symptoms may also be mild or even extreme depending on the severity of the condition. Some of the most common symptoms of Acute Asthma exacerbation include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, pain and tightness in the chest. Other symptoms of the condition are:

  • Difficulty in simple breathing activities
  • Difficulty in speaking due to the shortness of breath
  • Increased rate of respiration
  • Increased rate of the pulse or the heartbeats
  • Depressed functioning of the lungs
  • Regular agitation of the respiratory process

These are some of the common signs that indicate an episode of Acute Asthma. In case you are experiencing any such symptoms, do not delay in visiting a doctor.

 What Are The Primary Causes Of Acute Asthma?

There are a number of factors that can be attributed to the occurrence of the condition in a person. Some of the most common causes of Acute Asthma exacerbation are:

  • Exposure to chemicals or other such harmful substances
  • Infections and conditions of the lungs such as bronchitis
  • Exposure to allergens that include pollens, dust particles and also several food items
  • Exposure to air pollutants such as smoke, dust and even irritating odors

These are some of the known causes of the condition. There are, however, numerous unknown causes of the acute exacerbation of asthma. These factors cause an inflammation or swelling or the tracts in the lungs. This obstructs the proper flow of air to the lungs, thus hampering the respiratory process, and causing you to experience the many symptoms of the condition.

Prevention,  Treatment & Maintenance Of Acute Asthma

There are a few preventive measures that you can take to avoid the occurrence of Acute Asthma. These may include:

  • Stay away from air pollutants of known allergens that can trigger an episode
  • Continue any prescribed medication even when you fell fine
  • Avoid smoking or any other form of tobacco consumption
  • Indulge in exercises that can relax and improve the cleaning or airways to the lungs
  • Avoid self-prescribed medicines such as Aspirin

There are several ways to treat this condition at home, but in case you experience frequent episodes of the condition, visit a certified doctor immediately. Inhalers can prove to be very handy in subduing an episode, and must be kept close at all times. There are also several prescription drugs that can be used for the treatment of acute exacerbation of asthma.

Now, let us take a look at Chronic Asthma.

What is Chronic Asthma?

This condition is basically long term implications of asthma. In this form of asthma, a person is way beyond the preliminary stages of asthma, and the conditions as well as the damage are more permanent. Moreover, the symptoms may not be as severe as the ones mentioned before, but these are prolonged and permanent. You will experience these symptoms even if you are not having an asthmatic attack.

What Are The Risk Factors For Chronic Asthma?

The risk factors or components that can cause Chronic Asthma are quite similar to those of acute exacerbation of asthma. Family history or a blood relation to a person who already has the disease can be a major factor that can cause this condition. Tobacco smoking and exposure to allergens or chemical substances can also be responsible for the occurrence of this condition. Even passive smoking or being a child to a mother who smoked during her pregnancy can cause you to have this issue. Also, a major contributing factor to the occurrence of this condition is obesity.

Who Is Most Prone To Suffer From Chronic Asthma?

As mentioned earlier, you are likely to suffer from Chronic Asthma if you have a blood relative who suffers from the same. The chances of the same also increase if you are a smoker or if you are exposed to tobacco smoke. Moreover, if you are exposed to chemical substances such as the ones used in agriculture, you are more likely to suffer from this condition. The possibility of the occurrence of this condition is also increased if you are obese.

What Are The Common Symptoms Of Chronic Asthma

The symptoms of Chronic Asthma conditions are quite similar to those of acute exacerbation of asthma. However, in case of a chronic condition, you are more likely to experience these symptoms over a prolonged period of time, rather than in short episodes. You will experience great difficulty in breathing accompanied by pain and tightening of the chest in the late hours of the night or the early hours of the morning. You will also feel a shortness of breath and cough for long durations. Medications will help you to ease the pain or even relax the heaviness of the breathing, but you will still feel the effects of the condition over a prolonged duration.

 What Are The Causes Of Chronic Asthma?

There are many factors that can cause Chronic Asthma to develop in your body. Some of the known and most common among them are:

  • Lung Infections
  • Common cold or flu
  • Exposure to tobacco smoke (including active and passive smoking)
  • Added food preservatives
  • Menstrual cycles in women can also lead to the development of Chronic Asthma

There are also a few medications and drugs that can cause this condition to develop. Some of these medications include Aspirin, Naproxen, Ibuprofen, etc.

Prevention, Treatment  & Maintenance of Chronic Asthma

It is very difficult (almost impossible) to cure asthma when it has reached a chronic stage. There are a few medications that can be used to subdue or control the symptoms so that they cause the least amount of pain of discomfort. However, it is fairly difficult to get rid of the condition in its entirety. Hence, it is best to avoid the development of the condition through proper preventive measures. When you start to experience the symptoms of asthma, you must take every precautionary measure to ensure that it does not reach a chronic stage.

Take your medications properly and in time. You must also visit your doctor on a regular basis to keep a check on the condition and ensure that the medication is updated for the treatment of your Chronic Asthma. You must also try to avoid any substance or factor that can trigger an asthmatic attack and worsen the chronic nature of your asthma.

There are several medications that you can use for the treatment and management of your asthmatic condition. There are also numerous tools and equipment that you can use in the maintenance of chronic asthma. Some of these items include:

Face Masks:

They can be great when you are outdoors as they will help you to avoid inhaling the pollutants or pollens that can often trigger asthmatic attacks.


Inhalers are the most common medications used in the treatment of asthma. They are canisters that contain medication for treating/managing asthma. You must always keep your inhalers close to you as they will come in handy when you want to subdue the impacts of an attack.

Asthma Nebulizers:

Nebulizers are breathing machines that are used in the aerosized administration of certain asthma medication.


Bronchodilators are medication Airway openers than help to open up the airways to the lungs so that you are able to breathe without much difficulty.

Air Filters:

These are tools that you can use in your home to ensure that that the air you breathe indoors is of good quality and devoid of any pollutants or impurities. Some may be regular air vent filters whereas others may be electronic air purifiers that you use to remove impurities from the house.

There are numerous other such tools that can help you to manage your asthmatic conditions better. You will also be able to obtain the best treatment for your condition once you have been able to understand the comparison of Acute Asthma Vs Chronic Asthma, and determine the best methods and tools for your treatment. This will help you to minimize the impacts of this breathing condition.


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